Afghans in the both side of the Durandline are bond by blood, religion, culture, ethnicity and language & can’t be divided #LoyAfghanistan
Kunar Rocket Attacks are Attempt to get Afghanistan to Recognise Durand Line.
Rocket attacks from Pakistan on Nuristan and Kunar provinces seek to pressure the Afghan government into recognising the Durand Line, the Afghan National Army’s chief of staff, Shir Mohammad Karimi, said on Tuesday.
Afghan senators had summoned General Karimi and other Afghan security officials to explain the recent cross-border shelling in the two provinces.
Officials said Pakistan was behind the attacks and blamed the country’s Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) agency and the army for the rockets.
General Karimi told lawmakers that the issue had been brought up with Nato and US officials a number of times.
“We asked Nato to put pressure on Pakistan several times,” General Karimi said. “But it is still unclear why Nato is not taking the issue seriously. Maybe they fear for their supply trucks or [Pakistan’s status as a] nuclear power,”
The Afghan Minister of Interior echoed General Karimi’s stance and said that nearly 1,000 rockets had landed in Afghanistan’s border regions since the start of this year.
“There is no doubt that the ISI and Pakistan’s army are continuing to fire rockets into Kunar province,” said Minister of Interior Bismillah Khan Mohammadi. He added that the Afghan security forces awaited orders from President Hamid Karzai and the Afghan parliament to take action against Pakistan.
He added that Pakistan’s army had penetrated 2 kilometres into Afghan territory.
“Look at these photos that we have collected with the help of local residents,” General Khan said. “The Taliban does not have such heavy artillery; only Pakistan’s army has this.”
Deputy Head of Operations at the National Directorate of Security, Mohammad Yasin Zia, told the Senate he believes that Pakistan’s army is attempting to place Pakistani spies in the houses left vacant by fleeing Afghans.
“These rockets are fired by Pakistan’s army 100 per cent; we reject the claims of Pakistani officials of rocket attacks from Afghanistan,” Dr Zia added.
At the end of the session Afghan senators voted that Afghan forces should take action against Pakistan.
The maximum borders of Pashtunistan (shadowed in blue) and the Durand Line border in red
The Pashtuns, and their tribes straddle the political boundary between Pakistan and Afghanistan. “Pashtunistan,” a country that exists in only a cultural context, encompassing all the Pashtun people from both sides of the boarder. The red line on the map was drawn when British India pushed north into Afghan territory and the Afghan King ceded that land. However, the border has always been fluid– many Pashtuns grew up partially in Pakistan and travel between Jalalabad and Peshawar regularly. Thousands of Afghan Pashtuns moved eastward during the Soviet invasion or during the Mujahideen fought civil war that followed or when the Taliban government seized power. They still have relatives there, who speak the same language and follow the same Pashtunwali code of ethics and honor. Pashtun people don’t even need a passport to cross the boarder over the Kyber pass. Hazzaras and Tajiks will be hassled and need proper documentation. Pashto speakers who look the part get waved in. Politically we are in Afghanistan but culturally we’re slipping into Pakistan.
Pakhtunistan (Pashto: پښتونستان) or Pashtunistan,meaning the “land of Pakhtuns” or “land of Pashtuns”, is a modern term used for the historical region inhabited by the native Afghans or Pashtun (Pakhtun people) since at least the 1st millennium BC Possibly since at least the 3rd century CE and onward, the region was mostly recognized as Afghanistan and by the people in the Indian subcontinent as Pathanistan.
Pashtunistan was politically divided in 1893 by the Durand Line, a disputed and poorly-marked border between Afghanistan and British India. The Durand Line was demarcated by the British and signed into a treaty in 1893 with the Afghan ruler Amir Abdur Rehman Khan. The treaty was to stay in force for a 100-year period. According to Afrasiab Khattak, a political analyst, the areas from the Khayber Agency Northwards to Chitral, however, remained un-demarcated.
The Durand Line was a deliberate strategy designed to divide the Pashtun territory along the border region of Afghanistan and Pakistan. This disputed land was legally to be returned to Afghanistan in 1993 after the 100 year old Durand Treaty expired, similar to how Hong Kong was returned to China. Kabul has refused to renew the Durand Line treaty since 1993 when it expired, Throughout the last nine years, Pakistan has tried to get Afghan Warlords and Taliban to sign a renewal contract of the Treaty, and thankfully they didn’t not fall for the treachery of Pakistan. One of the reasons Pakistan faced problems with the Kabul rulers right from its inception was Kabul’s claim over the North West frontier Province. (NWFP) Kabul never accepted that line or the fact that the NWFP (Khyber pakhtunkhwa now) is part of Pakistan. This was one of the main policy planks used by President Daoud Khan’s government when it tried to foment trouble by Pashtoons nationalists in the NWFP on the issue of greater Pashtunistan. Until this day, the disputed land which rightfully and legally belongs to Afghanistan, is still recognized as the North-West Frontier Province, NWFP or Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Since the 2nd millennium BC, the region now inhabited by the native Pashtun people have been influenced by early Aryan tribes, the Medes, Achaemenids, Greeks, Mauryas, Kushans, Hephthalites, Sassanids, Arab Muslims, Turks, and others. The area in which the Durand Line lays has been inhabited by the indigenous Pakhtuns since ancient time, at least since 500 B.C. The Greek historian Herodotus mentioned a people called Pactyans living in and around Arachosia as early as the 1st millennium BC